# ZX BASIC:FSin.bas

## Introduction

fSin is the basis for the alternatives, since COS(x) can be calculated from SIN(x) and TAN(x) from COS(x) And SIN(x).

The functions should be accurate to about 0.25%, and significantly faster. If you need a lot of trig in your code, and it doesn't need to be pinpoint accuracy, these are good alternatives. Note that they more or less acknowledge they are less accurate by returning values of type FIXED instead of type FLOAT. I did this because it should be fine for the actual accuracy returned, and FIXED numbers process faster and smaller than FLOAT ones.

• Note that you need only include fSin if you only want Sines, but you need fSin to use fCos or fTan.
• Note that these functions use degrees, not radians.

### SINE Function

```
FUNCTION fSin(num AS FIXED) AS FIXED
DIM est1,dif AS UBYTE

num = num MOD 360
'This change made now that MOD works with FIXED types.
'This is much faster than the repeated subtraction method for large angles (much > 360)
'while having some tiny rounding errors that should not significantly affect our results.
'Note that the result may be positive or negative still, and for SIN(360) might come out
'fractionally above 360 (which would cause issued) so the below code still is required.

WHILE num>=360
num=num-360
END WHILE

WHILE num<0
num=num+360
END WHILE

num=num-180
END IF

IF num>90 THEN num=180-num: END IF

num=num/2
dif=num : REM Cast to byte loses decimal
num=num-dif : REM so this is just the decimal bit

est1=PEEK (@sinetable+dif)
dif=PEEK (@sinetable+dif+1)-est1 : REM this is just the difference to the next up number.

num=est1+(num*dif): REM base +interpolate to the next value.

sinetable:
ASM
DEFB 000,009,018,027,035,044,053,062
DEFB 070,079,087,096,104,112,120,127
DEFB 135,143,150,157,164,171,177,183
DEFB 190,195,201,206,211,216,221,225
DEFB 229,233,236,240,243,245,247,249
DEFB 251,253,254,254,255,255
END ASM
END FUNCTION```

### COSINE Function

```
FUNCTION fCos(num AS FIXED) AS FIXED
RETURN fSin(90-num)
END FUNCTION```

### TANGENT Function

```
FUNCTION fTan(num AS FIXED) AS FIXED
RETURN fSin(num)/fSin(90-num)
END FUNCTION```